income statement example

Income statements show how much profit a business generated during a specific reporting period and the amount of expenses incurred while earning revenue. The income statement is one of the three fundamental financial statements that aims at calculating net income from the organization’s operations. In addition, the income statement states the financial health of the organization. You don’t need fancy accounting software or an accounting degree to create an income statement. Our expert bookkeepers here at Bench have built an income statement template in Excel that you can use to assess the financial health of your business and turn your financial information into an income statement.

  • Operating revenue is realized through a business’ primary activity, such as selling its products.
  • She is a former CFO for fast-growing tech companies and has Deloitte audit experience.
  • Regulatory groups, standards boards, and tax authorities allow or require companies to use conventions such as depreciation expense, cost allocation, and accrual accounting on the Income statement.
  • If the business decides to sell off some of its office buildings, then the profit on the Revenue proceeds will be listed under the non-operating segment of the income statement.
  • Operating income is a company’s profit after deducting operating expenses such as wages, depreciation, and cost of goods sold.
  • After all expenses have been accounted for, the net income figure shows profitability, or the bottom-line figure indicates a loss.

He has authored books on technical analysis and foreign exchange trading published by John Wiley and Sons and served as a guest expert on CNBC, BloombergTV, Forbes, and Reuters among other financial media. While it has to be provided for in arriving at the profit after tax, what gets paid in the final outcome as tax can be higher or lower than the earlier amount provided. Free AccessProject Progress ProFinish time-critical projects on time with the power of statistical process control tracking. The Excel-based system makes project control charting easy, even for those with little or no background in statistics. Successful branding is why the Armani name signals style, exclusiveness, desirability. Branding is why the Harley Davidson name makes a statement about lifestyle.

Sample Income Statement

Since the asset has potential benefit to the company in future years, the asset’s cost must be allocated over the years of its estimated life as the company receives its benefits. When a long-lived asset is first acquired for use, therefore, management must make some good-faith estimates concerning the asset. The accountant can then calculate, by one of a number of mathematical formulas, the amount of the asset’s cost that will be recorded as an expense each year of the asset’s life.

Or an internal multi-step income statement breaks down costs into fixed and variable costs to compute contribution margin. The contribution margin is used to analyze a company’s break-even point and product profitability. Your income statement, also called the “profit and loss” statement, goes hand in hand with your cash-flow statement and balance sheet to create a complete snapshot of your business’s financial performance. Next, you’ll need to calculate your business’s total sales revenue for the reporting period. Your revenue includes all the money earned for your services during the reporting period, even if you haven’t yet received all the payments.

How Do Margins Measure Earnings Performance?

An income statement or profit and loss account is one of the financial statements a company requires to balance their accounting books and calculate the financial health of the company. Your cost of goods sold includes the direct labor, materials and overhead expenses you’ve incurred to provide your goods or services. Add up all the cost of goods sold line items on your trial balance report and list the total cost of goods sold on the income statement, directly below the revenue line item. Finally, using the drivers and assumptions prepared in the previous step, forecast future values for all the line items within the income statement. For example, for future gross profit, it is better to forecast COGS and revenue and subtract them from each other, rather than to forecast future gross profit directly.

What is a basic income statement?

An income statement shows a company's revenues, expenses and profitability over a period of time. It is also sometimes called a profit-and-loss (P&L) statement or an earnings statement. It shows your: revenue from selling products or services. expenses to generate the revenue and manage your business.

It shows that the firm can sell goods and turn a profit over a period of time. Companies generally use the contribution margin statement for internal purposes only. It breaks down the key financial figures into either geographical or product-based segments. This is the separated on the statement through different columns, each next to each other. For example, an international firm might have columns for Europe, North America, and Asia. Each would show different figures for revenue by region, as well as all the other metrics such as net income, operating expenses, etc. From the example of the income statement above, we can see the main areas of the statement.

The Meaning of Income

It shows how much money comes in through revenue, and how much goes out through cost of goods, and operating costs. Whilst the balance sheet helps to determine financial stability, the income statement shows a firms profitability.

The I/S reports transaction totals transaction in the firm’s Revenue and Expense accounts for an accounting period—usually a quarter or fiscal year. The I/S, in other words, shows the period’s incoming revenues along with the outgoing expenses that brought them, These figures, in turn, enable direct calculation of the firm’s earnings and margins for the period. For this reason, the Income Statement also carries the name Profit and Loss Statement, or P&L. The operating expenses section contains a number of line items that may instead be classified as selling, general and administrative expenses.

This is also described as sales or turnover, and it is the aggregate value of the company’s services and/or goods sold to customers during the period income statement under review. The multi-step approach presents each item from revenue to profit after tax in a detailed manner with each item recorded as an entry.


We also allow healthcentres to make use of machinery, vehicles or other equipment on a rental basis. This avoids the need to invest capital in equipment. Ownership rests in the hands of the financial institution or leasing company, while the business has the actual use of it.

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